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xx + 464 pp.

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Patronage in Ancient Palestine and in the Hebrew Bible
A Reader
Emanuel Pfoh

Patron–client relationships have been documented and studied by anthropologists and sociologists since the 1950s. They are known in rural settings and urban locations alike, and virtually in every region of the world. But it was only in the last decades of the twentieth century that this analytical model was slowly incorporated into the socio-political interpretation of biblical texts and other ancient Near Eastern sources. The patronage model proves to be a useful interpretative tool, casting new light on many aspects of the history of Israel and of other socio-political communities in the southern Levant. Moreover, the concept of patron–client relationships clarifies many of the implicit socio-politics found in the narratives and motifs of several biblical books.

This remarkable and comprehensive new reader collects over 20 studies by renowned scholars dealing with different aspects and situations of patronage: in the context of Southwest Asia (the ‘Middle East’) during the second millennium bce, in relation to the history of ancient Palestine during the first millennium bce, and as well with references to patron–client ties in texts of the Hebrew Bible. While these selected papers do not presume to offer an exhaustive treatment of periods, historical cases and themes in ancient Palestine and in Hebrew Bible literature, they variously illustrate the many possibilities of the concept of patronage to elucidate them.


Series: The Social World of Biblical Antiquity, Second Series, 12
978-1-914490-08-8 hardback
Publication May 2022

Contents
INTRODUCTION:PATRONAGE AS ANALYTICAL CONCEPT AND
SOCIO-POLITICAL PRACTICE
Emanuel Pfoh

Part I
PATRONAGE IN ITS ANCIENT SOUTHWEST-ASIAN CONTEXT

1. THE PATRON GOD IN THE ANCIENT NEAR EAST
K.L. Noll

2. PATRONAGE IN THE ANCIENT NEAR EAST
Raymond Westbrook

3. JUSTICE IN WESTERN ASIA IN ANTIQUITY, OR: WHY NO LAWS WERE NEEDED!
Niels Peter Lemche

4. ELITE EMULATION AND PATRONAGE RELATIONSHIPS IN THE MIDDLE BRONZE: THE EGYPTIANIZED DYNASTY OF BYBLOS
Roxana Flammini

5. SOME REMARKS ON PATRONAGE IN SYRIA-PALESTINE DURING THE LATE BRONZE AGE
Emanuel Pfoh

6. THE CONSTITUTIVE PRINCIPLES FOR ESTABLISHING JUSTICE AND ORDER IN NORTHWEST SEMITIC SOCIETIES WITH SPECIAL REFERENCE TO ANCIENT ISRAEL AND JUDAH
Herbert Niehr

Part II
PATRONAGE IN PALESTINE DURING
THE FIRST MILLENNIUM BCE

 7. KINGS AND CLIENTS: ON LOYALTY BETWEEN THE RULER AND THE RULED IN ANCIENT ‘ISRAEL’
Niels Peter Lemche

 8. PEASANT POVERTY: RENT CAPITALISM IN THE DAYS OF AMOS
Bernhard Lang

 9. PATRONAGE AND THE POLITICAL ECONOMY OF ANCIENT ISRAEL
Ronald A. Simkins

10. THE HIDDEN BENEFITS OF PATRONAGE: DEBT
Philippe Guillaume

11. REASSESSING THE CHARACTER OF THE JUDAHITE KINGDOM: ARCHAEOLOGICAL EVIDENCE FOR NON-CENTRALIZED, KINSHIP-BASED COMPONENTS
Aren M. Maeir and Itzhaq Shai

12. NEHEMIAH’S ADVERSARY, TOBIAH THE PATRON
Diana V. Edelman

13. GRAECO-ROMAN EUERGETISM
Susan Sorek

Part III
PATRONAGE IN THE HEBREW BIBLE

14. EXCHANGE, JUSTICE AND MERCY IN GENESIS 18–19
Thomas M. Bolin

15. ‘HOUSE OF DAVID’: AN EPONYMIC REFERENT TO YAHWEH AS GODFATHER
Thomas L. Thompson

16. A Hebrew Mafioso: Reading 1 Samuel 25 Anthropologically
Emanuel Pfoh

17. GOD AS FRIENDLY PATRON: REFLECTIONS ON ISAIAH 5.1-7
Hannes Olivier

18. ‘HE IS YAHWEH; HE DOES WHAT IS RIGHT IN HIS OWN EYES’: THE OLD TESTAMENT AS THEOLOGICAL DISCIPLINE
Thomas L. Thompson

19. PATRONAGE AND CLIENTAGE BETWEEN GOD, ISRAEL,
AND THE NATIONS: A SOCIAL-SCIENTIFIC INVESTIGATION
OF PSALM 47
Jo-Marí Schäder

20. THE MARITAL METAPHOR OF YHWH AND ISRAEL IN ANCIENT ISRAEL WITH A FOCUS ON ITS OCCURRENCE IN HOSEA
Ehud Ben Zvi

21. THE CHARACTER OF YHWH AND THE ETHICS OF THE OLD TESTAMENT: IS IMITATIO DEI APPROPRIATE?
Walter J. Houston