xii + 159 pp.
£21.50 / $35 / €25
The Prophet and his Book
Ulrich F. Berges
The book of Isaiah presents one of the most challenging pieces of literature in the Hebrew Bible. Over a period of some four hundred years (from the end of the eighth century down to the end of the fourth century BCE), the great prophet Isaiah and his disciples in the Assyrian period, as well as later scholars in Babylonian and Persian times, worked on this marvellous prophetic text. In its final form it resembles a mediaeval cathedral constructed by many gifted people across the centuries. Each piece has its own history, place and function in the whole structure.
In this lucid study, Berges interprets the scroll of Isaiah as a ‘literal cathedral’, written by many hands and empowered by the experience of sorrow and disaster, liberation and joy. In the centre of the book (Isaiah 36–39) and of its theology stands the threat and redemption of Zion. The nations that in the first part were taking action against God’s city are invited to join the exiled and dispersed people of Israel as it travels home. The reader too is called to journey the same path and to join the congregation of Israel and the nations on their way to the New Jerusalem – not in heaven but on a renewed earth.
Methodologically, the book combines synchronic and diachronic perspectives and paves the way to a fruitful conversation between them. The vast reception history of the Book of Isaiah in the Septuagint, the New Testament, and in rabbinic and Christian traditions, as well as in painting and music, is also illustrated by some of the most illuminating examples.
Ulrich Berges is Professor of Old Testament at the University of Bonn.
A. Historical Background and Literary Development
1. Isaiah and his Circle of Disciples in the Assyrian Period
2. Exiled Temple Singers in the Babylonian and Early Persian Periods
3. Scribal Prophecy in the Persian and Early-Hellenistic Periods
B. The Book of Isaiah as a Literary Cathedral
1. Act I: Isaiah 1–12. Zion and Jerusalem between Judgment and Salvation
2. Act II: Isaiah 13–27. Zion’s Enemies and Friends—the Kingship of Yhwh
3. Act III: Isaiah 28–35. The Divine King and the Congregation of Zion
4. Act IV: Isaiah 36–39. The Threat and Deliverance of Jerusalem
5. Act V: Isaiah 40–48. Jacob/Israel in Babylon and his Liberation by Cyrus
6. Act VI. Isaiah 49–55: The Servant and the Restoration of Zion/Jerusalem
7. Act VII. Isaiah 56–66: The Division of the Community into Wicked and
C. The History of the Interpretation of Isaiah and his Book
1. Old Testament
2. Vitae Prophetarum
3. Flavius Josephus
6. New Testament
7. Rabbinic Tradition
8. Patristic Literature
9. Visual Arts and Music
This is both a historical and a literary study. It is in three parts: (1) the historical background and development; (2) the literary composition of the book; (3) its reception history. The first two are clearly interdependent, while the third traces the impact of Isaiah in biblical and postbiblical literature, on the New Testament, patristic, and rabbinic sources, and in art and music …
The book is a tour-de-force, and I have profited immensely by it … Isaiah is not a closed book. Berges’s contribution, not only in this book but in his major commentary, shows us how it may be opened. Francis Landy, Review of Biblical Literature [a review of the German original].